## SVM - Understanding the math - the optimal hyperplane

This is the Part 3 of my series of tutorials about the math behind Support Vector Machine.

If you did not read the previous articles, you might want to start the serie at the beginning by reading this article: an overview of Support Vector Machine.

Here is a quick summary of what we will see:

• How can we find the optimal hyperplane ?
• How do we calculate the distance between two hyperplanes ?
• What is the SVM optimization problem ?

## How to find the optimal hyperplane ?

At the end of Part 2 we computed the distance  $\|p\|$ between a point  $A$ and a hyperplane. We then computed the margin which was equal to $2 \|p\|$.

However, even if it did quite a good job at separating the data it was not the optimal hyperplane.

## SVM - Understanding the math - Part 2

This is Part 2 of my series of tutorial about the math behind Support Vector Machines.
If you did not read the previous article, you might want to start the serie at the beginning by reading this article: an overview of Support Vector Machine.

In the first part, we saw what is the aim of the SVM. Its goal is to find the hyperplane which maximizes the margin.

But how do we calculate this margin?

## SVM = Support VECTOR Machine

In Support Vector Machine, there is the word vector.
That means it is important to understand vector well and how to use them.

Here a short sum-up of what we will see today:

• What is a vector?
• its norm
• its direction
• How to add and subtract vectors ?
• What is the dot product ?
• How to project a vector onto another ?

Once we have all these tools in our toolbox, we will then see:

• What is the equation of the hyperplane?
• How to compute the margin?